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Tuesday 26 October 2010

Lancement de la "décennie de la femme africaine" : des droits avant tout !

ENGLISH VERSION

Le constat n'est pas nouveau, la discrimination à l'égard des femmes demeure ancrée en droit et en fait dans la majorité des pays africains. Ces discriminations, les femmes les vivent au quotidien lorsqu'elles se voient refuser l’égalité des droits à l’héritage, à la terre, à la garde de leurs enfants et doivent se soumettre à l’autorité de leur mari ; lorsqu'elles n'ont qu'un accès restreint à l’éducation, aux soins, aux affaires publiques ; lorsqu'elles souffrent de violences domestiques et sexuelles, de pratiques traditionnelles néfastes et peinent à faire valoir leurs droits devant la justice...

Non, le constat ne change pas, il reste tout aussi alarmant et intolérable. Il appelle à l'action. A ce titre, la « Décennie de la Femme africaine » lancée par l'Union africaine à Nairobi (Kenya) le 15 octobre 2010 n'aura véritablement de portée que si elle traduit en actes toutes les recommandations issues des conférences régionales et mondiales, de Dakar à Beijing, depuis plus de 15 ans. Cette décennie, nous aimerions l'appeler « Décennie de l'action pour les droits des femmes africaines ». « Action » et « droits » : deux mots d'ordre pour un programme conduisant à un changement concret. En effet, nous n'aurons de cesse de le rappeler, les engagements des États n'ont de substance que lorsqu'ils sont traduits en droit, par des lois effectives qui protègent les femmes. Si l'on peut se réjouir de voir figurer aujourd'hui cette question au cœur de l'agenda politique, la réussite d'une telle initiative ne se mesurera qu'à l'aune de résultats tangibles : quand les Etats - à commencer par le pays hôte de cette initiative - auront abrogé les lois discriminatoires, et criminalisé toutes les formes de violences à l'égard des femmes...en somme, quand « Egalité » ne sera plus un simple mot, mais bien une réalité.

De telles revendications, sont portées haut et fort depuis des années par les femmes à travers tout le continent africain et relayées par nombre d'organisations de la société civile. Ainsi, la campagne « l'Afrique pour les droits des femmes1 » et bien d'autres actions à travers le continent mettent en évidence que des réformes législatives concrètes sont attendues. Ces réformes visent l'accès à la justice, à l'éducation, aux soins, à l'emploi, à la terre, au crédit, à la participation des femmes dans les sphères publiques et politiques. Elles doivent mettre fin à toutes les formes de discriminations et de violences à l'égard des femmes. Elles doivent faire de la poursuite et de la condamnation des auteurs de violences sexuelles une priorité. Enfin, elles doivent protéger les droits des femmes en période de conflit, comme l'exige la Résolution 1325 de l'ONU sur les femmes, la paix et la sécurité, dont nous fêtons le 10ème anniversaire cette année. Ces réformes sont indispensables et urgentes.

D'autant plus urgentes que l'on risque d'assister à de vrais reculs. Le cas malien ne nous incite pas à l'optimisme : les modifications apportées au projet de Code de la famille pourraient aller à l'encontre du principe même d' égalité des sexes.

Le Kenya, en accueillant cette initiative, doit ouvrir la voie et adopter dans les plus brefs délais deux des principaux textes de protection des droits des femmes: le Protocole de Maputo2 - dont le parlement vient d'autoriser la ratification - et le Protocole facultatif à la Convention sur l’Élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l'égard des femmes3. Le gouvernement kenyan doit mettre un terme aux discriminations au sein de la famille et à l'impunité des auteurs de violences conjugales. Il doit également assurer un accès à l'éducation de toutes les filles, renforcer la participation des femmes aux postes de décision, assurer leur droit à la propriété et leur accès aux soins.

Cette initiative ne sera effective que si elle accorde une large place aux organisations de la société civile et fait du respect des droits des femmes sa priorité. Les Etats se doivent d'avoir des ambitions à l'échelle des attentes de millions de femmes africaines, le temps est à l'action.

Souhayr Belhassen, présidente de la FIDH

Maitre Soyata Maïga, Rapporteure spéciale de la CADHP sur les droits des femmes

Moussa Diop, Femmes Africa Solidarité

Kafui Adjamagbo-Johnson, WiLDAF

Muthoni Wanyeki Directrice Executive Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC)


Notes
1 Campagne menée par la FIDH en collaboration avec 5 organisations régionales (ACDHRS, FAS, WACOL, WiLDAF, WLSA) et mobilisant près d'une centaine d'ONG sur le continent africain depuis 2 ans (www.africa4womensrights.org)
2 Protocole à la Charte africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples relatif aux droits des femmes
3 Ce protocole ouvre droit aux recours des femmes dont les droits ont été violés devant une instance internationale.

Friday 15 October 2010

Launch of African Women's Decade: Women's rights must top decade's agenda

Link to the op-ed published in The Standard, Nairobi, Kenya

VERSION FRANCAISE

Discrimination against women remains firmly established in law and in practice in the majority of African countries.

Women are denied equal rights to inheritance, land and custody of children; they have limited access to education, health care and politics; they suffer sexual and domestic violence, are subjected to harmful traditional practices and struggle to obtain access to justice.

The situation is alarming and intolerable. It calls for action.

"African Women’s Decade", launched by the African Union in Nairobi from October 10 to 15, will only truly have an impact if it can translate undertakings repeated over the last 15 years, from Dakar to Beijing, into action.

We would like to rename it the "Decade of Action for Women’s Rights in Africa". "Action" and "rights", key words for a programme leading to concrete change. States’ commitments lack substance until they are implemented through effective laws protecting women’s rights.

Whilst we welcome that such issues are being placed firmly on the political agenda, we underline that the success of this initiative can only be measured in tangible results. Governments — starting with the host government of this initiative — must abolish all discriminatory legislation, ban all forms of violence against women and ensure that the word "equality" becomes a reality.

These demands have been voiced by women across Africa and civil society organisations for years.

The Campaign "Africa for women’s rights", alongside numerous other initiatives, highlights the need for concrete legislative reforms to improve access to justice, education, health care, employment, land and inheritance.

Law reforms are needed to allow women to participate fully in public and political life. They are required to ensure the prosecution and sanction of perpetrators of sexual violence.

They are necessary to protect women in periods of conflict, in accordance with UN Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, which this year marks its 10th anniversary. These reforms are vital and urgent.

All the more urgent in view of real risks of regression. The example of Mali, where proposed amendments to the draft Family Code go against the very principle of gender equality, does not give us cause for optimism.

As host of this initiative, the Kenyan government must lead by example, by adopting two key instruments for the protection of women’s rights in Africa: the Maputo Protocol — which was recently approved by the Kenya Parliament — and Optional Protocol to the Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women.

The Kenyan government must also take urgent measures to abolish discriminatory family and property laws, and fight domestic violence. It must ensure women’s access to education and health care, promote their political representation, and guarantee their equal rights to land.

This initiative must encourage the active participation of civil society organisations and must make respect for women’s rights the priority.

Governments must have ambitions on a scale commensurate with the expectations of millions of African women. It is time for action.

The writers are: Souhayr Belhassen, President of International Federation for Human rights; Soyata Maiga, Special Rapporteur on Women’s Rights; Muthoni Wanyeki, Executive Director of the Kenya Human Rights Commission; Moussa Diop, Femmes Africa SolidaritÈ; Kafui Adjamagbo-Johnson, Women in Law and Development in Africa.

Friday 5 March 2010

Dossier of Claims: Kenya

RATIFY! Although Kenya ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1984, it has not yet ratified the Optional Protocol to CEDAW or the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol).

RESPECT! The Coalition of the Campaign remains particularly concerned about the following continued violations of women’s rights: the persistence of discrimina- tory laws and traditional harmful practices, in particular in the area of the family; violence; obstacles to access to education; under-representation in political life; and obstacles to access to property and health services. The Coalition of the Campaign is also concerned about delays in adoption of legislation that eliminates discrimina- tion and protects women’s human rights. Bills pending before parliament include: the Family Protection Bill 2007, the Marriage Bill 2008, the Domestic Violence Bill 1999, the Matrimonial Property Bill 2008, the Equal Opportunities Bill 2008 and the Affirmative Action Bill 2000.

SOME POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS…

The Coalition of the Campaign acknowledges the recent adoption of several laws and policies aimed at improving respect for women’s rights, including:

  • The adoption of the Sexual Offences Act (SOA) in 2006 (enacted in 2008). This Act Harmonises sexual violence legislation into a single law, provides a comprehensive definition of rape, introduces minimum sentences, criminalises sexual harassment and expands sexual offenses to include: gang rape, deliberate infection with sexually transmitted diseases, trafficking for sexual exploitation and child pornography.
  • The adoption of two Regulations in 2008 to guide judicial officials in the implementation of the Sexual Offenses Act: the Sexual Offences Regulations and the Sexual Offences Dangerous Offenders DNA Data Bank Regulations.
  • The introduction, in 2008, of government subsidies to secondary schools to cover tuition and related costs. As a result, the number of students in secondary education, in particular female students, has increased.

BUT DISCRIMINATION AND VIOLENCE PERSIST

In Law

Kenya has a unified legal system based on the common law system. However, according to the Constitution, family law continues to be governed by customary Christian, Islamic and Hindu laws, alongside statutory law. Despite ongoing discussions on the harmonisation of such laws, discriminatory provisions remain widespread within each source of law with regard to marriage, divorce and custody of children. Qadis’ courts apply personal status law for the Muslim population.

Discriminatory provisions of the common law include:

Constitution: While article 70 provides for equality between men and women, article 82(4) exempts certain laws from the prohibition against discrimination in the areas of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial, devolution of property on death and other matters of personal law, as well as tribal and customary laws. Furthermore articles 89 and 91 prohibit women passing their nationality to their husbands and restrict their rights to transfer nationality to their children.

Family law: According to the Matrimonial Causes Ordinance, children are defined as males who have not attained the age of 16 and females who have not attained the age of 13 (art. 2). Wives can be prosecuted for adultery but husbands cannot be (art. 11). freedom of movement: Under the Domicile Act women must have their husbands’ or fathers’ consent to obtain passports (Ch. 37).

Property: The Law of Succession Act terminates the inheritance rights of widows if they remarry. A widow cannot be the sole administrator of her husband’s estate unless she has her children’s consent (art. 35).

Discriminatory customary and religious laws include:

Marriage: Whilst statutory law fixes the minimum age for marriage at 18 (Children’s Act, 2001), customary and religious laws authorise early marriages. Customary and Muslim laws authorise polygamy.

Divorce: Muslim laws provide for men to repudiate their wives (unilateral termination of marriage by pronouncing the intention to divorce three times). Under Muslim laws women cannot divorce their husbands. custody: Under customary law, the father has custody of the children.

In Practice

Discrimination in the family

In addition to the application of discriminatory statutory, customary and religious laws, discriminatory traditional practices include the payment of a bride price, and wife inheritance, or levirate, wherein a widow is “inherited” by a male relative of her deceased husband.

Violence

Domestic violence remains widespread and perpetrators continue to benefit from impunity. There is no specific legislation criminalising domestic violence. Marital rape is not criminalised. A Domestic Violence Bill, which includes a provision sanctioning marital rape, has been pending since 1999. Law enforcement officials are generally reluctant to investigate domestic violence reports as they are considered “domestic issues.” Rape is extremely prevalent. Although the Penal Code, section 139, criminalises rape and provides for a sentence of up to life imprisonment, the rate of reporting and prosecution remains low due to victims’ fear of retribution, police reluctance to intervene, poor training of prosecutors, and unavailability of medical personnel.

The traditional practice of ritual “cleansing” of widows, which involves forcing them to have sex with a social outcast, usually without protection, persists in some communities. Women living in the Internally Displaced Persons camps across Kenya are also particularly vulnerable to rape and other crimes of sexual violence.

Despite legal prohibition (Children’s Act, 2001), female genital mutilation (FGM) remains widely practiced, with prevalence varying considerably depending on ethnic group. In addition, the legal prohibition does not apply to women over the age of 18. In 2009, it was estimated that 40% of women have undergone FGM in Kenya.

Obstacles to access to education

Despite the provision of free and compulsory primary and secondary education, girls’ access to education remains limited, in part due to traditional attitudes, as well as high dropout rates due to pregnancy and early and forced marriage (estimated 80,000 annually). The Education Act provides for the right of pregnant girls to continue education until and after giving birth, but pregnant girls continue to be expelled from schools.

Under-representation in political life

Kenyan women continue to remain underrepresented in political and public life. In 2009, women composed 9.8% of elected members in Parliament, 5.8% of ministers in Government, and 27% of ambassadors and high commissioners in the diplomatic service. There are no women judges in the Court of Appeal. Despite lobbying efforts by women’s rights organizations, the Affirmative Action Bill 2000, which imposes a 30% quota for all government appointments remains pending.

Obstacles to access to property

Although the Law of Succession Act provides for the surviving spouse to inherit the entire marital estate, many widows are deprived of inheritance (art. 35). The husband’s family often evicts the widow from her home and confiscates other marital property. The Matrimonial Property Bill 2008, aims at removing these inequalities, but remains pending. Women constitute 75% of the agricultural workforce, however they only hold 6% of all land titles.

Obstacles to access to health

The maternal mortality rate (560 per 100,000 births) remains high, due to lack of skilled birth attendants, malaria, HIV/AIDS, low rates of contraceptive usage, and unsafe abortions. Women lack access to quality sexual and reproductive health services, family planning services, contraception and sexual education.

THE COALITION OF THE CAMPAIGN CALLS ON THE AUTHORITIES OF KENYA TO:

  • Reform or repeal all discriminatory statutory laws in conformity with CEDAW and the Maputo Protocol, including discriminatory provisions within the Constitution, Matrimonial Causes Ordinance, Domicile Act and the Law of Succession Act.
  • Harmonise statutory, customary, and religious laws in conformity with CEDAW and the Maputo protocol and ensure that where conflicts arise the statutory provisions prevail.
  • Strengthen measures to eliminate discrimination within the family, including by urgently adopting the Family Protection Bill (2007) and the Marriage Bill (2008).
  • Strengthen laws and policies to protect women from violence and support victims, including by adopting the Domestic Violence Bill; extending the prohibition of FGM to adult women; removing obstacles to victims’ access to justice; ensuring effective prosecution and punishment of offenders; implementing training for all law enforcement personnel and health workers; increasing financial resources allocated to domestic violence programs and services; implementing public awareness campaigns targeting women and men, traditional and community leaders and adopting a zero tolerance policy on all forms of violence against women.
  • Ensure women’s access to education including by implementing the provision of the Education Act concerning the right of pregnant girls to continue education; and addressing socio-economic and cultural factors that impede access to education.
  • Ensure women’s representation in decision-making positions, including by adopting the Affirmative Action Bill 2000.
  • Ensure women’s access to property, including through the adoption of the Matrimonial Property Bill 2008 and through measures facilitating women’s access to land.
  • Ensure women’s access to health, and strengthen efforts to reduce the incidence of maternal mortality, by increasing knowledge of and access to affordable contraceptive methods and reproductive health services, improving sex education programmes and establishing family planning services.
  • Ratify the optional protocol to CEDAW and the Maputo protocol.

PRINCIPAL SOURCES

  • Focal Point: KHRC
  • CEDAW Committee Recommendations, July 2007
  • OMCT, Alternative Report to the UN Committee against Torture, June 2009
  • Wikigender, www.wikigender.org

THE CAMPAIGN FOCAL POINT IN KENYA

  • Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC)

KHRC is an independent human rights NGO, established in 1992 with the vision of entrenching human rights and democratic values in Kenya. The Mission of KHRC is to promote, protect and enhance the realisation of all human rights for all individuals and groups. One of the main objectives within KHRC’s Strategic Plan for 2008-2012, is mainstreaming equality, non discrimination, and respect for diversity.www.khrc.or.ke

DOWNLOAD PDF - ENGLISH VERSION

TELECHARGER PDF - VERSION FRANÇAISE

Friday 10 July 2009

ENGAGEZ VOUS POUR LES DROITS DES FEMMES !

Communiqué de presse

La coalition l'Afrique pour les droits des femmes : ratifier et respecter lance un appel aux Etats n'ayant toujours pas ratifié le Protocole à la Charte africaine relatif aux droits de la femme en Afrique

english version

Le 11 juillet 2009 - Aujourd'hui le Protocole à la Charte africaine des droits de l'Homme et des peuples relatif aux droits de la femme en Afrique fêtera ses six ans. Adopté en 2003 à Maputo, Mozambique, et entré en vigueur en 2005, le Protocole a désormais été ratifié par la majorité des Etats africains qui se sont engagés à «éliminer toutes formes de discrimination à l'égard des femmes et (à) assurer la protection des droits de la femme». Cependant 26 Etats n'ont toujours pas ratifié le Protocole** .

Ce texte extrêmement important, à l'instar de la Convention des Nations unies sur l'élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l'égard des femmes (Convention CEDAW) ratifiée par la quasi totalité des Etats africains, offre un cadre juridique de référence pour assurer le respect des droits humains des femmes: élimination des discriminations et des pratiques néfastes; droit à la vie et à l'intégrité physique; égalité des droits en matière civile et familiale ; accès à la justice; droit de participation au processus politique; protection dans les conflits armés; droits économiques et protection sociale; droit à la santé et à la sécurité alimentaire, etc.

Convaincues que la lutte contre les discriminations et les violences à l'égard des femmes passe par la modification du cadre législatif, plus d'une centaine d'associations ont lancé, le 8 mars dernier la campagne «L'Afrique pour les droits des femmes: Ratifier et Respecter» appelant les États africains à ratifier le Protocole de Maputo et les autres instruments de protection des droits humains des femmes et à tout mettre en oeuvre pour garantir le respect de leurs dispositions.

Menée par la Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l'Homme (FIDH), en coopération avec cinq organisations régionales africaines*** , cette campagne est soutenue par de nombreuses personnalités, telles les prix Nobel de la paix Mgr Desmond Tutu et Shirin Ebadi, les prix Nobel de littérature, Wole Soyinka et Nadine Gordimer, par les artistes Angélique Kidjo, Tiken Jah Fakoly et Youssou N'Dour ou encore par Mme Soyata Maiga, Rapporteure spéciale de la Commission africaine des droits de l'Homme et des peuples sur les droits des femmes en Afrique.

Toutes les organisations et personnalités signataires de la campagne vous appellent par conséquent à saisir l'occasion de l'anniversaire du Protocole à la Charte africaine sur les droits de la femme en Afrique pour le ratifier et ainsi affirmer vos engagements en faveur des droits des femmes dans vos pays.


** Algérie, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroun, Congo-Brazzaville, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypte, Erythrée, Ethiopie, Gabon, Guinée, Guinée équatoriale, Kenya, Madagascar, Maurice, Niger, Ouganda, République centrafricaine, Sao Tome et Principe, Sierra Leone, Somalie, Soudan, Swaziland, Tchad, Tunisie


*** Femmes Africa Solidarités (FAS), Women in Law in South Africa (WLSA), African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies (ACDHRS), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) et Women's aid Collective (WACOL)

COMMIT TO THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS!

Press Statement

The coalition of the campaign "Africa for women's rights : ratify and respect !" issues a call to states that have failed to ratify the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa

version française

11 July 2009 - Today marks the sixth anniversary of the adoption of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa. Adopted in 2003 in Maputo, Mozambique, the Protocol entered into force in 2005 and has now been ratified by the majority of African states which have thus committed themselves to “ensur(ing) that the rights of women are promoted, realised and protected”. However, 26 States have yet to ratify the Protocol** .

This Protocol, like the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW Convention) which has been ratified by almost all African States, provides a legal framework of reference for ensuring respect for women's human rights: elimination of discrimination and harmful practices; right to life and to physical integrity; equality in the domain of the family and civil rights; access to justice; right to participate in the political process; protection in armed conflicts; economic rights and social protection; right to health and food security, etc.

Convinced that the fight against discrimination and violence against women requires changes to the the legal framework, on 8 March this year over one hundred organisations launched the campaign “Africa for Women's Rights: Ratify and Respect” calling on African States to ratify the Maputo Protocol and the other women's rights protection instruments and to take all necessary measures to guarantee respect of their provisions.

Initiated by the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), in cooperation with five African regional organisations*** , this campaign has the support of patrons including the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Shirin Ebadi, the Nobel Literature Prize Laureates Wole Soyinka and Nadine Gordimer, the artists Angélique Kidjo, Tiken Jah Fakoly and Youssou N'Dour, as well as Ms. Soyata Maiga, Special Rapporteur of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa.

All the organisations involved in the campaign, and the campaign's patrons, call on the Presidents of the 26 states that have not yet done so, to seize the occasion of this anniversary to ratify the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa and thus affirm their commitments to respecting the rights of women.


** Algeria, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Niger, Saharawi Arabic Democratic Republic, Sao Tome et Principe, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Uganda


*** Femmes Africa Solidarités (FAS), Women in Law in South Africa (WLSA), African Center for Democracy and Human Rights Studies (ACDHRS), Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF) et Women's aid Collective (WACOL)

Thursday 5 March 2009

Umoja, le village interdit aux hommes

"Umoja, le village interdit aux hommes", un film de Jean-Marc Sinclair et Jean Crousillac (Manta Productions)

Le village d'Umoja créé en 1991, accueille une cinquantaine de femmes, dont la plupart ont été violées par des militaires britanniques puis répudiées par leurs maris, et près de 130 enfants. Depuis 30 ans, près de 1600 femmes samburus disent avoir été violées par des soldats de l'armée britannique. Rebecca Lolosoli, co-fondatrice du village, élue ambassadrice des femmes samburus, enseigne aux femmes de la région leurs droits fondamentaux. Les femmes d'Umoja vivent du tourisme, et de la vente des bijoux qu'elles fabriquent. Elles ont construit une école où leurs enfants suivent un enseignement en anglais, dans le respect de l'égalité des sexes. Umoja a servit d'exemple, et les femmes d'autres villages, bien qu'elles vivent toujours avec leurs maris, ont voulu acquérir le droit à la propriété et au respect et ont adopté le même mode de fonctionnement.

Le gouvernement kenyan s'engage à nouveau chaque année à laisser les soldats britanniques revenir dans la région. Les femmes du district ont été interrogées sur les violences qu'elle ont subies mais aucune information ne leur a été communiquée quant à l'état d'avancement de leurs plaintes. Les soldats n'ont été jugés ni au Royaume-Uni, ni au Kenya. Suite aux violences entraînées par les élections présidentielles de décembre 2007, les étrangers ont été rapatriés et le petit flot de touristes, unique source de revenus du village, s'est asséché de jour en jour. Aujourd'hui les femmes d'Umoja n'ont plus de ressources et sont affamées.

Interview des Réalisateurs pour http://www.obiwi.fr

FIPA d'argent 2009 catégorie "Grands Reportages & Faits de Société".

DVD disponible sur www.mantaprod.com

Le but de la campagne n'est pas d'encourager des initiatives comme la création du village de femmes d'Umoja, mais plutôt de dénoncer la détresse dans laquelle les femmes se trouvent après avoir été violées et rejetées par leur communauté. Nous voulons montrer que pour survivre, lorsqu'elles ont été exclues de leur foyer, et pour échapper à la violence des hommes, certaines femmes sont contraintes de vivre reclues, en marge de la société, à l'écart des hommes. Cette situation est déplorable et nous demeurons convaincus que le meilleur moyen d'acquérir l'égalité entre les sexes et de mettre fin aux violences et aux discriminations à l'égard des femmes, est d'adopter des lois de protection des droits des femmes en s'assurant de leur mise en oeuvre. Cet objectif ne pouvant être atteint qu'en associant les hommes à ce combat et en luttant ensemble. Néanmoins, nous apportons tout notre soutien aux femmes du village d'Umoja et à toutes les femmes que la violence et l'incompréhension des hommes ont poussées à entreprendre de telles initiatives.